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Caryophyllene, also called beta-caryophyllene or BCP, this terpene can be found in hops, cloves, black pepper, oregano, cinnamon, basil and strains of cannabis. If you’ve ever taken a whiff of herb with a funky bite that hits like smelling cracked pepper, it’s likely rich in caryophyllene.
Cannabis strains with high levels of caryophyllene tend to be pungent and musky like: Bubba Kush, Sour Diesel, Chemdog, Death Star, and Gelato among others. Given its strong aroma it’s one of the most easily detected by smell in a strain next to the unmistakable citrusy punch of limonene.
It’s unique due to its ability to act as a cannabinoid and directly activate a cannabinoid receptor, especially CB2 receptors. Because of this unique super power it can aid with issues like inflammation, anxiety and pain all by itself.
A study on mice showed promise for caryophyllene’s potential to reduce alcohol intake, making this terpene a possible treatment for addiction
Due to its activation of the CB2 receptor it is a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of inflammation, pain, atherosclerosis, and osteoporosis. Its ability to induce euphoric effects without the presence of THC can aid in reduction of anxiety.
"Unlike other terpenes, BCP has properties similar to cannabinoids - and some researchers suggest that it may indeed actually be classified as a cannabinoid. While BCP was first synthesized in 1964, in 2008 a group of European scientists led by Andreas Zimmer, Ph.D and Ildiko Racz, Ph.D of the University of Bonn, suggested that BCP is a cannabinoid that acts on CB2 cannabinoid pathways. However, CB1 receptors, the pathways responsible for THC’s effects, are not affected by BCP." -CBX Sciences
Strains with the terpene caryophyllene tend to have spicy and musky notes and carry a scent reminiscent of diesels that tickle your nose like pepper.
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